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  • The throne room
  • The blue meeting room
  • Lili'uokalani piano
Built in 1882, Iolani Palace is the only royal palace in the United State. King David Kalakaua along with his wife, Queen Kapiolani, took inspiration for its architecture when on a ... moreEuropean tour. A popular tourist attraction and a National Historic Landmark, Iolani Palace was the residence of two monarchs, King Kalakaua and Queen Lili'uokalani. In 1893 after the monarch had been overthrown, the castle started to be used as the capitol building of the provisional government and for the State of Hawaii until 1969. In 1978, the castle underwent restoration work and opened to the public as a museum.

Originally, the construction of the palace was as a traditional Ali'i residence having only ceremonial places, no sleeping room, a throne room, a reception, and a state dining room. Other houses around the palace were used for sleeping and for retainers. Kamehameha III slept in a cool grass hut near the palace.

When David Kalakaua took the throne, the original palace was in poor condition with termite damages. He had the building razed. He commissioned the construction of a new palace as the official palace of the Hawaiian monarchy. The architectural features of the Iolani Palace are nowhere to be seen anywhere else in the world. A style known as American Florentine. It consists of a grand hall that faces a staircase made of koa wood on the first floor, ornamental plaster is used to decorate the interiors, a throne room, a blue meeting room that has a large portrait of King Louis Philip of France, a dining room, an upstairs private library, and bedrooms of the Hawaiian monarchy. The piano made of koa wood where Lili'uokalani used to play for guests can also be seen.

Iolani Palace is a marvel of opulence, innovation and political intrigue. Visitors can learn the history surrounding the monarchy in Hawaii and embark either on a guided tour or without guide.
Cultural, Historic, Museum, Landmark, Royal Palace
  • Kamehameha day, the 11th of July
  • King Kamehameha statue
King Kamehameha (1756-1819) is Hawaii greatest king and responsible for unifying the island under one rule and set the stage for the Hawaii monarchy rule. Born in the district of Kohala ... moreof the big island, He is recognized as the warrior king and four statues have been made as a tribute to his accomplishments. The one in downtown Honolulu has been just in front of the old judiciary building, another can be found in the statuary hall in Washington DC, the original statue is at Kapaau, his birthplace, and another one is found in Hilo.

The original statue was sculptured by Thomas R Gould, an American sculptor, in Rome, Italy, in 1879. It was then cast in bronze in Paris and shipped from Germany. On its way, the ship had a fire on board and sank near the Falkland Islands. Another statue was made from the original mold and shipped to Hawaii. In 1883, the statue was dedicated by King Kalakaua.

On the left hand, the statue holds a spear as a symbol of the kingdom capacity and willingness to defend itself from any type of aggression. The right hand is widely extended as a gesture of friendship and welcoming. The statue stands eight and a half feet tall, depicting Kamehameha royal garb. The helmet is made of rare feathers and it is clothed in a gilded cloak.

The 11th of June is known as Kamehameha day and recognized as a state holiday. On that day, the statue is adorned with beautiful flower leis, on the statue stretched arm are placed yellow and pink plumera and garlands of royal ilima are placed on the neck to signify strength and power. The statue of King Kamehameha is a tribute to a Hawaii greatest king who unified the island and ruled the kingdom for decades.
Attraction, Landmark, Statue
  • USS Arizona memorial
  • Shrine room with the names of victims engraved on the walls
  • Sunken USS Arizona battleship
Japanese forces on the 7th of December 1941 made a sneak attack which crippled much of the United State Navy and abruptly brought the United State fully engaged into the Second World ... moreWar. The Pearl Harbor attack was undertaken when in need of oil and other raw materials, the Japanese engaged in a war against China in mid-1937 and other oil and mineral rich countries of the East Indies, and South East Asia has as allies Germany and Italy.

With peace negotiations ending in November 1941, the United State secret agency expected the Japanese to attack into the Indies, Malaya, and the Philippines but did not anticipate an attack east as well. Japanese aircraft carriers reached the US fleet at Pearl Harbor, launching an aerial strike that resulted in sinking 5 out of 8 US battleships, and the others badly damaged or sinking, the majority of the Hawaii-based combat planes were damaged and more than 2400 Americans lost their lives.

The USS Arizona memorial is part of World War II valor in the Pacific National Monument that commemorates the events of that day. 1,102 sailors and marines of the 1,177 crewmen of the USS Arizona were killed during the Pearl Harbor attack.

In 1949, the Pacific War Memorial Commission was created and charged to build a memorial which was erected on the site of the submerged hull. The memorial stands to represent the American pride before the war, the depression after the attack and the rise to new heights after the war.

Along side and perpendicularly docked to the USS Arizona is the USS Missouri. It was moved to Pearl Harbor from the west coast of the United State. On the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the Japanese surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz of the United State army effectively ending World War II.

Each year, millions of visitors embark on the Pearl Harbor tour, which provide a whole day tour of four historic locations that includes, the USS Arizona memorial, the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and park admission, the Pacific Aviation Museum, and the Battleship Missouri Memorial.
Cultural, Historic, Memorial, Museum
Bathroom, Food for purchase, Lockers / storage, Parking
  • National Cemetery of the Pacific and Courts of the Missing at Punchbowl
  • Medal of honor headstones
  • Panoramic view of the island of Oahu
The Honolulu memorial was erected in 1964 by the "American Battle Monuments Commission" at the National Memorial Cemetery in honor of the sacrifices and accomplishments of American ... moreArmed Forces in the Pacific during both World Wars and the Korean War. The National Memorial Cemetery, informally known as Punchbowl, is located at the middle of the "Puowaina crater" which is an extinct volcano that had been active some 75,000 to 100,000 years ago.

Punchbowl or Puowaina as it is translated in the Hawaiian language means "consecrated hill" or "hill of sacrifice" used to be the location where secret Royal burials were performed and where sacrifices of certain kapas (taboos) were made to pagan gods. The crater also served during the 1800s as a stronghold for Oahu in their resistance against the reign of Kamehameha, who united the Hawaiian islands in 1810. The Hawaiian National Guard used the crater as a rifle range during the 1930s and toward the end of World War II, offshore batteries were placed in tunnels dug at the rim of the crater to protect the Honolulu Harbor and the South edge of Pearl Harbor.

Punchbowl was officially recognized a national cemetery in 1943 when the governor of Hawaii offered the location for that purpose. The first internment took place on the 4th of January 1949 and the cemetery became open to the public on the 19th of July 1949. In 1980, the names of more than 28,788 military personnel missing in action or lost in the Pacific during the war were added on marble slabs in ten courts of the missing that flanks the Memorial grand stone staircase.

The National Cemetery of the Pacific was the first cemetery to include medal of honor headstones which have an insignia in gold leaf. As in the graves of other National cemeteries around the country, no cross marks the grave of the dead. The Punchbowl is among one of the most popular touristic destination with more than five million visitors each year. It also provides a panoramic breathtaking view of the island of Oahu.
Cultural, Historic, Memorial, Park, Scenic Lookout, Landmark, Cemetery
Bathroom, Food for purchase, Parking, Wheelchair access
  • 21 portrait of Hawaiian dynasty
  • Historical santuary
  • Royal pews and fresh water pool.
Designated as a US National Historic Landmark in 1962, Kawaiahao Church was considered at certain points as the national church of the Hawaiian Kingdom and the chapel of the royal ... morefamily. The name of the church, Ka wai a hoa means "the waters of Hao" since its location is that of a spring of fresh water pool which was in the care of a high chiefess Ha'o.

The church upper gallery is adorned with 21 portraits of Hawaiian royalty and King Lunalilo's grave is found in the courtyard of the church. The sanctuary of the church, known as Kauikeaouli dock, in memory of King Kamehameha III, is of great historical significance. Inside the sanctuary to the right and left at the entrance is the royal pews within which can be seen four symbols of royal ranks. Kings and queens of the Hawaiian dynasty sat in those pews.

The church ground is full of endemic plants of Hawaii. They include the ti, which are often planted around dwellings and thought to ward off evil, the koki'o ula'ula considered as a laxative and used for cordage and sennit, and the Ohi' a Lehua which has hair like filaments.

The church was dedicated after a ceremony on the 21st of July 1842. Construction took five years to complete with funds that had been mostly contributed by the community. The church is testimony of a long history. Hawaiian royalty prayed within its walls, they sang hymns, married, and christened their children. Many original missionaries are buried on the grounds surrounding the church and it was also the place where many went to pray during 9/11.
Cultural, Historic, Landmark, Church
  • Impressive collection of important artifacts
  • Various house structure, oldest in Hawaii
  • Insight on the life of first missionaries
Established in 1820 by the Hawaiian Mission Children's Society, Mission Houses Museum along with Kawaiahao Church were both recognized as a National Historic Landmark in 1962. They ... morewere both built by early missionaries and given the combined name of Kawaihao Church and Missions Houses.

Documents, artifacts, and various other records of the missionaries in Hawaii during the period 1820 to 1863 are collected and placed on exhibit by the Mission Houses Museum. The museum interprets the historic collections and makes them available for educational purposes, research, and other public needs. More than 3,000 artifacts from Hawaii, the west, and the pacific can be found. Also, the museum has a collection of more than 12,000 books, manuscripts, diaries, journals, Hawaiian Church records and other materials of historical importance.

The public visiting the museum obtain insight on the life of early missionaries in Hawaii. A detailed account of cultural change from the 19th-century Hawaii and the work of the missionaries can be appreciated. The building itself, with its structure built between 1821 and 1841 makes it the oldest surviving western style buildings in Hawaii.

Used as residence of many prominent missionaries in Hawaii is the white frame house, the chamberlain house played the role of a storehouse and separate homes while the printing office used to house the first printing press in the pacific. The museum also has a very impressive Hawaiian quilt exhibit and a gift shop with a very large selection of Hawaiian related gifts.
Cultural, Historic, Museum
  • Movie of the attack at Pearl Harbor
  • Shrine with the names of victims engraved on the walls
  • The sunken USS arizona
On December 7, 1941 many of the 1,177 crewmen of the USS Arizona perished when Japanese Naval Forces launched an attack at Pearl Harbor. At the location of the sunken ship, a 184-foot-long ... moreMemorial had been built that spans from the midsection of the battleship. The USS Arizona memorial is part of World War II valor of the Pacific National Monument.

Visitors at the memorial can embark on a tour which includes a movie about the attack on Pearl Harbor, and a boat ride to the memorial. The memorial itself is made up of three sections: an entry room, an assembly room, and an area reserved for ceremonies and general observation. Also included is a shrine room with marble walls on which engraved are the names of those killed during the Pearl Harbor attack.

The memorial had been built in honor of the victims at Pearl Harbor. The first suggestions were expressed in 1943 but not until 1949 had steps being taken for its realization when the territory of Hawaii established a Pacific War Memorial Commission. Construction of the memorial was completed in 1961, the result mostly of public funding and private donations. In 1962, the memorial was dedicated.

The design of the memorial by architect, Alfred Preis, is intended to indicate the initial defeat and then the ultimate victory. The structure sags in the middle, but stands strong and vigorous at the extremities. Visitors are overwhelmed with a sense of serenity which engages a person's personal reflection and innermost feelings.

The USS Arizona memorial had its initial recognition in 1950 on the ninth anniversary of the attack when Admiral Arthur Radford, Commander in Chief, Pacific (CINCPAC) had a flagpole erected over the sunken ship. At the base of the flagpole was placed a commemorative plaque. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, whose leadership had been crucial for the allies victory during World War II, acknowledges the creation of the memorial in 1958.

The USS Arizona is no longer in commission, contrary to popular belief. The United State flag flies on the mainmast of the sunken ship as a tribute to those who lost their lives during the attack at Pearl Harbor.
Cultural, Historic, Memorial, Museum
Bathroom, Food for purchase, Lockers / storage, Parking, Wheelchair access